Help for first time buyers

If you’re looking to buy your first house, then here’s all the help available to you

smiley couple holding house keys
(Image credit: getty images)

House prices have gone through the roof over the last two years, repeatedly hitting new highs, making it a lot harder for first time buyers to become homeowners.

Soaring prices combined with increasing inflation have resulted in a toxic combination for those dreaming of buying their first home.  

“First-time buyers are facing a real crush at the moment, on the one hand they are facing a higher cost of living, which is putting a big squeeze on the amount they can afford to save each month, and at the same time they have seen house prices soar over the past few years, making properties more and more unaffordable,” says Laura Suter, head of personal finance at AJ Bell.

House prices rose by 10.8% in the year to February, the fastest growth since 2007, to an average of £278,123, according to Halifax data based on mortgage approvals. 

Yet there is light at the end of the tunnel, mortgage rates remained low during the pandemic and a host of government schemes are on hand to help first time buyers onto the ladder. 

What help can first time buyers get from the government?

To help more people become property owners, the government has several schemes to lower the cost of buying a first home.  

Help to Buy: Equity Loan 

First time buyers in England can apply for a five-year, interest-free loan, of up to 20% of a property’s value (40% for London) with this scheme. You’ll need a deposit of at least 5% and can only use it for a new build property. There are geographical limits on the property value. The maximum price of a home in the northeast is £186,100, for example, but in the southeast it’s £437,600. To apply, go to (opens in new tab)

Shared ownership

If your household income is £80,000 a year or less (£90,000 in London) and you meet the eligibility requirements - you’re a first time buyer or you can’t afford a home that meets your needs - you can apply for shared ownership. As the name suggests you buy a share of a property, with a deposit and mortgage. For the remaining part you pay rent and a service charge to the building’s owner. You can then increase the share when you can afford it. 

Mortgage guarantee scheme

Launched in April 2021 the scheme lets borrowers apply for a mortgage with a 5 per cent deposit. The government will cover some of the costs if a borrower fails to pay, making the scheme attractive to providers. Many 95% mortgages are also available outside of the scheme, which is open until December 2022.

Use the Lifetime ISA to buy a house

You can save £4,000 a year into a Lifetime ISA and the government will throw in an extra £1,000. Interest earned is tax free (up to your yearly allowance of £20,000) and the money can only be used for a first home or your retirement.   

How much deposit do first time buyers need?

First time buyers usually need between five and 10% of a property’s price as a deposit. In 2021 the average deposit was £53,935, according to halifax, but the amount depends on the type of mortgage and the borrower’s income.

As saving for a deposit is one of the biggest barriers for first time buyers, choosing a 95% mortgage can be beneficial. However, the interest rates are often higher than mortgages with a larger deposit. 

Rachel Springall, spokesperson for Moneyfacts, explains: “If borrowers can stretch their 5% deposit to 10 per cent they can find more choice and lower rates. 

“The downside to taking out a 5% deposit mortgage is also the concerns of a home’s worth, it is entirely possible for someone to see house prices fall when they bought their property during a time of higher house prices, as we have back during the credit crunch.”

Guarantor mortgages are another option and a way of family members helping if they can’t give money. A guarantor is usually a friend or family member who is also named on the mortgage, and agrees to cover repayment costs if the borrower is unable to make them. 

However, the guarantor often must secure their own home against the mortgage and therefore needs to understand exactly how the process works, and the risks involved, before going ahead.

What should first time buyers know?

It’s clear there’s a mountain to climb for first time buyers but there are ways to get there. 

David Hollingworth, associate director of communications for L&C Mortgages, says: “The two big issues for first time buyers are typically being able to raise a big enough deposit and affordability, both of which become harder as prices continue to climb.   

“On the upside the availability of mortgages for those with smaller deposits has increased over the last year which has helped to steady the rates on offer.” 

The deposit may seem like the be all and end all but there are other important aspects to consider when buying a first home. 

There are extra costs, for a start, including stamp duty. It’s a tiered rate depending on the value of the property. First time buyers won’t pay stamp duty on the first £300,000 (£125,000 for everyone else) in England and Northern Ireland. But a 2 per cent fee tax applies on £125,0001 – £250,000 and this increases with the value of the property.

You’ll also need to factor in conveyancing fees for a solicitor, paying for an estate agent, and the cost of a survey. 

There’s also moving costs if you’re hiring a company, the cost of installation of any new utilities, plus any new items you may need to buy such as fridges or a freezer.  

Making yourself as attractive as possible to a mortgage lender will also put you in a good position to be approved. This includes making sure your bank balance is in good shape by cutting out unnecessary spending or subscriptions and clearing any outstanding debts.  

Your credit score is also key to securing a mortgage. It’s easy to give it a boost, by making sure you’re on the electoral roll, closing any unused credit accounts, and regularly reviewing it to make sure the information is correct and up to date.  

Rebecca Goodman
Freelance personal finance journalist

Rebecca Goodman is a freelance personal finance journalist, regularly writing for The Independent, The Guardian, The Sun and a range of specialist publications. Covering all aspects of finance, Rebecca has worked in the sector for the last decade and specialises in insurance, household finance and consumer issues.